No one risk model is appropriate for everyone and some have more scientific support than others. Some models are preferred for predicting risk of genetic mutations and others are used for predicting who may benefit from risk reducing medical therapy or additional screening. Some are easily accessed and interpreted and others should be performed in a Risk Assessment clinic where more extensive pedigrees and complicated medical histories can be sorted out.
We are making reference to the following model which is easily accessed but it is no way exclusive nor will it be appropriate or helpful for all women.
The Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium Risk Calculator is an interactive on-line tool designed by scientists that participate in the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium to estimate a woman’s risk of developing invasive breast cancer within 5 years. The calculator is NOT applicable to women that meet any of the following criteria:
- Younger than age 35 or older than age 79
- Previous diagnosis of breast cancer
- Previous diagnosis of lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
- Previous diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
- Previous diagnosis of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH)
- Previous breast augmentation
Other online resources exist to determine risk assessment in a variety of settings including primary breast cancer screening, use of supplemental screening tools in high risk patients, and the use of medical therapies to reduce the development of the disease.